Schizophrenia is a mental condition that is often misunderstood by the general public.

Schizophrenia can be caused by both environmental and genetic factors. It is a thought disorder in which there is a breakdown between thoughts, behaviors and emotions. This leads to faulty perception, inappropriate actions and feelings, withdrawal from reality and personal relationships into fantasy and delusion, and a sense of mental fragmentation.

There are several subtypes of schizophrenia. 

It can be a serious mental health condition if not treated by an on-going treatment plan including medication and psychotherapy.  

Schizophrenia by the National Institute of Mental Health
Biological Origin of Schizophrenia by Harvard Medical School
Scientists Move Closer to Understanding Schizophrenia's Cause by Benedict Carey, The New York Times